SAT II Latin : SAT Subject Test in Latin

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Latin

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Using First Declension Adjectives In Latin

Translate the quoted English words into the correct answer.

"The good farmers" work in the fields

Possible Answers:

Agricolae bonae

Agricola bona

Agricola bonus

Agricoli boni

Agricolae boni

Correct answer:

Agricolae boni

Explanation:

Agricola is one of the few nouns in the first declension that is masculine and not feminine. The adjective then must be in the masculine gender to agree with agricola. The correct nominative plural of agricola is agricolae, and the correct nominative plural masculine adjective is boni; agricolae boni

Example Question #1 : Using Second Declension Adjectives In Latin

Choose the correct answers from the options below

Video __________ saxa

Possible Answers:

tribus

tres

tria

tresia

trium

Correct answer:

tria

Explanation:

The number three, "tres," declined like an adjective. The noun "saxa" is the accusative plural of "saxum" a neuter noun. The correct neuter accusative plural of "tres" is "tria."

Example Question #1 : Latin Noun Cases

Vir __________ caeditur

Possible Answers:

gladio

a gladio

per gladio

gladium

cum gladio

Correct answer:

gladio

Explanation:

The correct answer is gladio. This is the example of the ablative of means, meaning an inanimate object was used to achieve an action. As such, there is no need for a preposition, as gladio in this context means "with a sword" already. 

Example Question #2 : Sat Subject Test In Latin

Translate the English in quotes to the correct Latin option. 

"This town" is large. 

Possible Answers:

hic oppidum

haec oppidum

hunc oppidum

huic oppidum

hoc oppidum

Correct answer:

hoc oppidum

Explanation:

The noun oppidum is neuter and in this case is in the nominative singular. The correct demonstrative pronoun that agrees with a neuter nominative singular noun is hoc. 

Example Question #1 : Latin Pronouns

Choose the correct answer from the options below.

__________ est Flavia?

Possible Answers:

Quid

Quae

Quis

Quam

Quo 

Correct answer:

Quis

Explanation:

The correct answer is "quis", meaning "who" or "what." The sentence translates to "Who is Flavia?" It should be remembered that the verb "to be" takes the nominative and not the accusative, thus eliminating all the other options, except for "quid" which is neuter and not used for people, and "quae" which is plural.

Example Question #1 : Using Ablative Of Agent In Latin

Choose the correct translation for the underlined section of the sentence. 

Ego visus sum a Bruto.

Possible Answers:

for Brutus

with Brutus

at Brutus

to Brutus

by Brutus

Correct answer:

by Brutus

Explanation:

The sentence translates to "I was seen by Brutus." This is called the ablative of personal agent, which uses the preposition "a" before the noun that is doing the action. 

This construction is seen in the words "a Bruto."

Example Question #1 : Latin Nouns

The nominative plural of fulmen is __________.

Possible Answers:

fulmena

fulmenes

fulmines

fulminae

fulmina

Correct answer:

fulmina

Explanation:

The noun lightning, fulmen is a third-declension neuter noun. As such, the proper ending for the nominative plural is -a. The genitive, which determines the stem, is fulminis; therefore the correct nominative plural is fulmina.

Example Question #2 : Latin Nouns

The correct accusative singular of cornū is __________.

Possible Answers:

cornūs

cornūm

cornūum

cornū

cornūa

Correct answer:

cornū

Explanation:

The correct accusative singular of cornū is cornū. This is a fourth declension neuter -ū noun, and the accusative and nominative declensions match in neuter genders.

Example Question #1 : Using First Declension Latin Nouns

Please choose the correct answer from the options below

The proper ablative and dative plural form of the word Dea is __________.

Possible Answers:

Dea

Dearum

Deabus

Deam

Deis

Correct answer:

Deabus

Explanation:

The noun "dea," though it is a first declension noun, is "deabus" in the plural dative and ablative, so as not to get it mixed up with the ablative and dative plural of the 2nd declension masculine noun "deus."

Example Question #1 : Latin Nominative And Vocative Cases

Aquitania __________ est. 

Possible Answers:

provinciam

provincias

provinciarum

provinciae

provincia 

Correct answer:

provincia 

Explanation:

The correct answer is provincia. Because of the verb est, which comes from the verb esse, to be, the nominative must be used instead of the accusative in a construction called the predicate nominative. 

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