Ancient History: Egypt : Ancient History: Egypt

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Egypt

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Neolithic Egypt (Up To 8000 3000 Bce)

The ancient Egyptian civilization arose along the banks of which of these rivers?

Possible Answers:

The Euphrates

The Indus

The Ganges

The Tigris

The Nile

Correct answer:

The Nile

Explanation:

The ancient Egyptian civilization first emerged along the banks of the Nile River approximately eight thousand years ago. The first settled agricultural communities appeared around 6,000 BCE. The Egyptian people depended on the Nile River for their survival.

Example Question #2 : Neolithic Egypt (Up To 8000 3000 Bce)

Where is Libya located in relation to Egypt?

Possible Answers:

to the east, on the shores of the Red Sea

to the north, along the Nile River

to the east, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

to the west, north of the Sahara Desert

to the south, along the Nile River

Correct answer:

to the west, north of the Sahara Desert

Explanation:

Libya is located to the west of Egypt, in the north of the Saharan Desert, on the North African shores of the Mediterranean. Libya was an important rival to Egypt throughout Egyptian history, but especially during the latter years. Libya actually conquered Egypt during the Third Intermediate Period and ruled as the twenty-second and twenty-third dynasties.

Example Question #3 : Neolithic Egypt (Up To 8000 3000 Bce)

This question refers to archeological evidence of Neolithic Egypt. Due to the dry climate of Egypt, artifacts many thousands of years old have been found in surprisingly good condition. 

What was the most important artifact used for Sequence Dating of archaeological sites? Sequence Dating is defined as deducing the relative age of a culture through advances in a certain type of object.

Possible Answers:

Jewelry

Building Materials

Agricultural Implements

Pottery and Ceramics

Metalwork

Correct answer:

Pottery and Ceramics

Explanation:

WMF Petrie, a well known Egyptologist, developed Sequence Dating among his other systematic methods for archaeology. Sequence dating uses pottery and ceramics found in archaeological layers to date the relative age of a settlement as compared to others in the region. Throughout the Predynastic period, handles and decorations on pottery evolved to become more ornamental, and so it is possible do deduce the relative age of a culture based on how decorative its pottery was. 

Example Question #4 : Neolithic Egypt (Up To 8000 3000 Bce)

What types of crops emerged from the first cultivation of agriculture during the Neolithic Period?

Possible Answers:

Wheat, barley, and herbs

Cotton

Corn

Berries and fruits

Correct answer:

Wheat, barley, and herbs

Explanation:

The main results of the beginning of agriculture were the crops of wheat, barley, and herbs. This phenomenon of agriculture replaced the prior theme of hunting and gathering. This allowed the people to supplement their diets and spend more time of the development of culture and civilization rather than spending all their time hunting and gathering. 

Example Question #5 : Neolithic Egypt (Up To 8000 3000 Bce)

What is a hieroglyph?

Possible Answers:

an ancient mode of transportation

a type of agricultural crop

an ancient form of writing in which pictures represent words, syllables, or sounds

a type of clothing worn by pharaohs

Correct answer:

an ancient form of writing in which pictures represent words, syllables, or sounds

Explanation:

A hieroglyph is an ancient form of writing in which pictures represent words, syllables, or sounds. Hieroglyphs emerged during the Neolithic Era and have served as a means for archaeologists to learn about ancient Egypt. These pictures can be found on artifacts, on rocks, and on the walls of pyramids.

Example Question #1 : Predynastic Period (Up To 3100 Bce)

What was the definitive geographic location of the entire Ancient Egyptian Empire?

Possible Answers:

The Valley of the Kings 

Memphis 

The Nile River Valley 

Lower Egypt 

Upper Egypt 

Correct answer:

The Nile River Valley 

Explanation:

Over the course of its existence, Ancient Egypt grew to encompass not only the entire Nile Valley and Delta, but also nearly the entire north-east of the African continent, finally stopping only at the edge of the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile River Valley was the definitive and central location of the Empire – oftentimes, it is referred to as the veritable heart of the Egyptian civilization. The Nile Valley was crucial because of its unique concentration of many valuable natural resources, including animals, fish, stone, gold, minerals, and fertile soil – all of which were absolutely necessary to the survival of the Egyptian people. In some ways, the Nile River Valley is comparable to the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia, for it was in the Nile Valley in which North-East Africa’s first stable living settlements and sustainable agricultural practices initially emerged.

Example Question #2 : Predynastic Period (Up To 3100 Bce)

Why were most major Ancient Egyptian structures built in close proximity to the Nile River?

Possible Answers:

The Nile was the main means of transportation for building materials.

The hearty and fertile soil around the Nile provided the ideal foundation for large structures.

The majority of Ancient Egyptians lived within a few miles of the Nile’s banks on either side.

The Nile was considered the central life-force of all important religious and social activities.

Proximity to the Nile gave the surrounding buildings and their population a strong defensive position.

Correct answer:

The Nile was the main means of transportation for building materials.

Explanation:

Most major Ancient Egyptian structures—from pyramids and temples to courthouses and palaces—were built in close proximity to the Nile River. While at first glance, this structural clustering might seem arbitrary or random, this phenomenon was not at all accidental. The Ancient Egyptians wisely turned the Nile’s immense length and steady current to their advantage by using the River as their primary means of transporting building materials. Not only was this method much faster than any of the other contemporary options, but it also allowed for the relatively easy transport of especially heavy materials, including the limestone, granite, and sandstone used to construct pyramids, temples, and sculptures.

Example Question #1 : Predynastic Period (Up To 3100 Bce)

The archaeological site at Merimde Beni Salama is important because __________.

Possible Answers:

it shows the distinct cultural practices of Lower Egypt during the predynastic period

it highlights the importance of animal sacrifice in predynastic Egyptian worship

it demonstrates the absolute authority of predynastic rulers in ancient Egypt

it provides evidence suggesting that the predynastic ancient Egyptians were monotheistic

it presents the earliest known evidence of ancient Egyptian agriculture

Correct answer:

it presents the earliest known evidence of ancient Egyptian agriculture

Explanation:

The archaeological site at Merimde Beni Salama is important because it provides evidence used to date the formation of agricultural settlements in ancient Egypt. The ruins at Merimde Beni Salama date to approximately 5,000 BCE. Merimde Beni Salama is the earliest known agricultural settlement in ancient Egypt, so it tells us that the ancient Egyptians began practicing agriculture at least as early as 5,000 BCE.

Example Question #3 : Predynastic Period (Up To 3100 Bce)

The Merimde culture flourished in __________.

Possible Answers:

Nubia

Upper Egypt

Libya

Canaan

Lower Egypt

Correct answer:

Lower Egypt

Explanation:

The Merimde culture is a Neolithic society that flourished in Lower (northern) Egypt approximately 5,000 BCE. The Merimde culture are one of the earliest groups of people in ancient Egypt who have left some archaeological record behind and thus are very important to informing our understanding of predynastic Egypt.

Example Question #4 : Predynastic Period (Up To 3100 Bce)

The cult worship of Horus was instrumental in the growth of which of these predynastic settlements?

Possible Answers:

Nekhen

Itj-Tawy

Memphis

Naqada

Thebes

Correct answer:

Nekhen

Explanation:

Many predynastic communities arose in ancient Egypt around the cult worship of one or more Egyptian deities. The association between a society and a particular deity was important for the construction of a communal identity. The city-state of Nekhen (also called Hierakonpolis) most likely developed around the cult worship of Horus.

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