SAT II Latin : Latin Noun Cases

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for SAT II Latin

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Latin Noun Cases

Vir __________ caeditur

Possible Answers:

gladio

a gladio

per gladio

gladium

cum gladio

Correct answer:

gladio

Explanation:

The correct answer is gladio. This is the example of the ablative of means, meaning an inanimate object was used to achieve an action. As such, there is no need for a preposition, as gladio in this context means "with a sword" already. 

Example Question #1 : Using Ablative Of Agent In Latin

Choose the correct translation for the underlined section of the sentence. 

Ego visus sum a Bruto.

Possible Answers:

for Brutus

with Brutus

at Brutus

to Brutus

by Brutus

Correct answer:

by Brutus

Explanation:

The sentence translates to "I was seen by Brutus." This is called the ablative of personal agent, which uses the preposition "a" before the noun that is doing the action. 

This construction is seen in the words "a Bruto."

Example Question #1 : Latin Nominative And Vocative Cases

Aquitania __________ est. 

Possible Answers:

provinciam

provincias

provinciarum

provinciae

provincia 

Correct answer:

provincia 

Explanation:

The correct answer is provincia. Because of the verb est, which comes from the verb esse, to be, the nominative must be used instead of the accusative in a construction called the predicate nominative. 

Example Question #1 : Using Nominative Case In Latin

Please choose the correct answer below

Tiberis et Padus __________ sunt. 

Possible Answers:

flumina

montes

viae

ponti

maria

Correct answer:

flumina

Explanation:

Tiberis and Padus are the latin names for the rivers Tiber and Po, respectively. The word for river in Latin is Flumen, the nominative singular is Flumina. 

Example Question #1 : Using Dative Case In Latin

The correct dative plural of dux is __________.

Possible Answers:

duxibus

ducibus

ducia

ducebus

duces

Correct answer:

ducibus

Explanation:

The correct dative plural of dux is ducibus. As a third declension noun with a genitive of ducis, the proper ending, -ibus is added to the stem, resulting in ducibus. 

Example Question #3 : Latin Nouns

Dux mandat __________.

Possible Answers:

militum

a militibus

milites

militem

militibus 

Correct answer:

militibus 

Explanation:

The verb mandare takes the dative instead of the accusative; therefore the only correct answer can be militibus; since every other option is in the wrong case. 

Example Question #1 : Latin Noun Cases

Choose fill in the blank with the correct answer from the choices below

Senator mandat __________ in hortum

Possible Answers:

puer

puero

pueri

pueros

puerum

Correct answer:

puero

Explanation:

The correct answer is "puero". It should be rememebered that Mandare in Latin takes the dative case instead of the accusative; therefore, "puero" is the only viable option.

Example Question #1 : Latin Genitive Case

Please choose the correct answer from below

The English word littoral comes from which latin word __________.

 

 

 

Possible Answers:

littera—letter

litus—sentence

lector—reader

leto—kill

litus—beach

Correct answer:

litus—beach

Explanation:

The word in English, "littoral," means "pertaining to shores." It is not to be confused with the word "litteral" the noun for beach or shore in latin is "litus," the genitive being "litoris."

Example Question #1 : Using Accusative Case In Latin

The accusative singular of vir is __________.

Possible Answers:

vir

viram

virem

virum

virūs

Correct answer:

virum

Explanation:

Even though the noun vir doesn't end in -us or -um, it is a second declension masculine noun; therefore the correct accusative singular is virum.

Example Question #1 : Latin Nominative And Vocative Cases

__________, veni in villam!

Possible Answers:

filie

filies

filii

filī

filius 

Correct answer:

filī

Explanation:

From the singular imperative veni and the exclamation mark, we know that this is a command, and that it is a singular subject; therefore, the subject is being directly addressed, so we must use the vocative case. The correct vocative for nouns ending in -ius is a simple -i, which is not to be confused with nouns that end in -us which take -e as the vocative ending. 

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