# Precalculus : Solving Polynomial and Rational Inequalities

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Solving Polynomial And Rational Inequalities

What is the solution to the following inequality?

Explanation:

First, we must solve for the roots of the cubic polynomial equation.

We obtain that the roots are .

Now there are four regions created by these numbers:

• . In this region, the values of the polynomial are negative (i.e.plug in  and you obtain

• . In this region, the values of the polynomial are positive (when , polynomial evaluates to )

•  . In this region the polynomial switches again to negative.

• . In this region the values of the polynomial are positive

Hence the two regions we want are  and .

### Example Question #1 : Solving Polynomial And Rational Inequalities

Solve the inequality.

Explanation:

First, subtract  from both sides so you get

.

Then find the common denominator and simplify

.

Next, factor out the numerator

and set each of the three factor equal to zero and solve for .

The solutions are

.

Now plug in values between , and  into the inequality and observe if the conditions of the inequality are met.

Note that . They are met in the interval  and .

Thus, the solution to the inequality is

### Example Question #2 : Solving Polynomial And Rational Inequalities

Solve and graph:

Explanation:

1) Multiply both sides of the equation by the common denominator of the fractions:

2) Simplify:

3) For standard notation, and the fact that inequalities can be read backwards:

For interval notation:

4) Graph:

### Example Question #3 : Solving Polynomial And Rational Inequalities

Solve and graph:

Explanation:

Graph the rational expression,

1) Because  and a divide by is undefined in the real number system, there is a vertical asymptote where .

2) As   ,   , and as  ,  .

3) As  ,  , and as   ,  .

4) The funtion y is exists over the allowed x-intervals:

One approach for solving the inequality:

For

1) Determine where  over the x-values  or .

2)  for the intervals  or .

3) Then the solution is .

Another approach for solving the inequality:

1) Write   as , then determine the x-values that cause  to be true:

2)  is true for  or .

3) Then the solution is .

### Example Question #4 : Solve And Graph Rational Inequalities

Which of the following best describes the statement:

The undefined points of rational functions are vertical asymptotes.

The statement is always true

The statement is always false

The statement is true in some cases and false in others

The statement is always true

Explanation:

When solving for a point where the function will be undefined, you set the denominator equal to zero and solve for .  This creates a vertical asymptote because when the denominator equals zero the function is undefined and we are solving for .  Say for example a function is undefined at .  So at all values of where this function is undefined creating a vertical asymptote.

### Example Question #5 : Solve And Graph Rational Inequalities

Which of the following is a graph of the function:

Explanation:

We begin by finding the zeros of the equation using the numerator.

So we know that the function will equal zero when .  If we just look at the numerator of the function, then this graph would be a parabola with its point at .  Now we will solve for the points where the function is undefined by setting the denominator equal to zero and solving for .

And so the function is undefined at .  If we make a table to solve for some of the points of the graph:

 x y

And if we graph these points we see something like below (which is our answer).  Note that the dotted blue line is the vertical asymptote at .

### Example Question #6 : Solve And Graph Rational Inequalities

Determine the zeros of the following function and the points where the function will be undefined.

zeros: , undefined:

zeros: , undefined:

zeros: , undefined:

zero: , undefined:

zero: , undefined:

Explanation:

The zeros of the function are the values of  where the function will be equal to zero.  In order to find these we set the numerator of the function equal to zero.

We only need to solve for  once,

So the zeros of this function are .

To solve for the points at which this function will be undefined, we set the denominator equal to zero and solve for .

And so the function is undefined at

### Example Question #1 : Solving Polynomial And Rational Inequalities

True or False: For the inequality ,  is a potential value for .

False

True

False

Explanation:

This inequality wants all values where  is greater than .  So everything up until  is included and this is represented by having a dotted line on the graph or an open circle on a number line.

### Example Question #8 : Solve And Graph Rational Inequalities

Which of the following is an accurate graph of the inequality ?