ASWB : Use of social history

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for ASWB

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Use Of Social History

Which of the following is not one of the four main components of the biopsychosocial approach to health?

Possible Answers:

Behavioral component 

Health component

Psychological component

Environmental component

Correct answer:

Health component


The biopsychosocial approach to health is comprised of the following four components: biological, behavioral, psychological, and environmental. It is used to asses a person's overall well-being; therefore, "health" is not one of the for primary components because it is just a part of the biological component. The biological component observes an individual's medical history, family health history, genetics, and other physiological traits, while the behavioral component notes individual habits that may make a person more susceptible to health issues such as smoking or compulsive eating. Next, psychological factors assess a client's mental health. Last, environmental factors complete the picture by situating the individual in their social and physical habitat. Information gained from the environmental component reveal information relating to the influence of environmental variables such as social support or exposure to toxins. 

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