ACT Math : Hexagons

Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : How To Find The Perimeter Of A Hexagon

The figure above is a regular hexagon.  is the center of the figure. The line drawn is perpendicular to the side.

What is the perimeter of the figure above?

Explanation:

You can redraw the figure given to notice the little equilateral triangle that is formed within the hexagon. Since a hexagon can have the  degrees of its internal rotation divided up evenly, the central angle is  degrees. The two angles formed with the sides also are  degrees. Thus, you could draw:

Now, the  is located on the side that is the same as  on your standard  triangle. The base of the little triangle formed here is  on the standard triangle. Let's call our unknown value .

We know, then, that:

Or,

Now, this is only half of the size of the hexagon's side. Therefore, the full side length is .

Since this is a regular hexagon, all of the sides are of equal length.  This means that your total perimeter is  or .

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Perimeter Of A Hexagon

What is the perimeter of a regular hexagon with an area of ?

Explanation:

The area of a regular hexagon is defined by the equation:

, where  is the length of a side.

This is derived from the fact that the regular hexagon can be split up into  little equilateral triangles, each having an area of

To visualize this, consider the drawing:

Each triangle formed like this will be equilateral.  It is easiest to remember this relationship and memorize the general area equation for equilateral triangles. (It is useful in many venues!)

So, for your data, you know:

Solving for , you get:

This means that

Therefore, the perimeter of the figure is equal to  or .

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Perimeter Of A Hexagon

Find the perimeter of a hexagon with a side length of .

Explanation:

There are 6 sides in a hexagon.

Therefore, given a side length of 16, the perimeter is:

Example Question #31 : Act Math

The side length of a hexagon is .  What is the perimeter?

Explanation:

Write the formula for the perimeter of a hexagon.

Substitute the given length.

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Length Of The Diagonal Of A Hexagon

The perimeter of a regular hexagon is . What is the length of one of its diagonals?

Explanation:

To begin, calculate the side length of the hexagon. Since it is regular, its sides are of equal length. This means that a given side is  or  in length. Now, consider your figure like this:

The little triangle at the top forms an equilateral triangle. This means that all of its sides are . You could form six of these triangles in your figure if you desired. This means that the long diagonal is really just  or .

Example Question #31 : Plane Geometry

The figure above is a regular hexagon.  O is the center of the figure.  The line segment makes a perpendicular angle with the external side.

What is the length of the diagonal of the regular hexagon pictured above?

Explanation:

You could redraw your figure as follows.  Notice that this kind of figure makes an equilateral triangle within the hexagon.  This allows you to create a useful  triangle.

The  in the figure corresponds to  in a reference  triangle. The hypotenuse is  in the reference triangle.

Therefore, we can say:

Solve for :

Rationalize the denominator:

Now, the diagonal of a regular hexagon is actually just double the length of this hypotenuse. (You could draw another equilateral triangle on the bottom and duplicate this same calculation set—if you wanted to spend extra time without need!) Thus, the length of the diagonal is:

Example Question #1 : How To Find The Length Of The Side Of A Hexagon

If the perimeter of a regular hexagon is , what is the length of a side of that regular hexagon?

Explanation:

Use the formula for perimeter to solve for the length of a side of the regular hexagon:

Where  is perimeter and  is the length of a side.

In this case:

Example Question #41 : Geometry

Find the length of one side for a regular hexon with a perimeter of .

Explanation:

Use the formula for perimeter to solve for the side length:

Example Question #1 : Hexagons

Find the length of one side for a regular hexagon with a perimeter of .

Explanation:

Use the formula for perimeter to solve for the side length:

Example Question #42 : Geometry

What is the maximum length of each side for a regular hexago with a perimeter of ?

8.8

Explanation:

Use the formula for perimeter to solve for the side length:

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